March 14, 2006
at the REDCAT theater
Walt Disney Concert Hall
Zarabandeo for clarinet and piano (1995) by Arturo Márquez
Composed in 1995, the Zarabandeo for clarinet and piano was commissioned by the Director of Music Activities of UNAM, and was first performed by pianist Joseph Olechovsky and clarinetist Luis Humberto Ramos to whom I have dedicated the piece. The Zarabanda (Sarabande) was a popular dance of unknown origin. There are records of this dance being performed in Mexico during the second half of the sixteenth century. During this same period, the dance was condemned and its performance was prohibited in Spain. In the next century, the Sarabande “reappeared” as part of the Baroque instrumental “suite” form, but in a character very different from the original. These concepts were introduced to me by the Cuban musicologist Rolando Perez. I have no idea how the original Zarabanda sounded, but I feel certain that its prohibition came about due to the fact that it was a very sensual dance. I am fascinated with how the Sarabande we know now could be related to the Zarabanda which has disappeared. In my “Zarabandeo,” I have incorporated a “Tangueo” and a “Danzoneo,” two of my favorite dances, because of the relationship between people, music and dance, and because I hoped to write something for clarinet and piano that might inflame the passions.
— Arturo Márquez
ARTURO MÁRQUEZ was born in Alamos, Sonora in 1950. Today, he is widely recognized as the most outstanding Mexican composer of his generation. He began formal music studies in 1966 with Thomas Rosseti and Eva McGowen in La Puente, California. In 1969 and 1970 he was conductor of the Navojoa Sonora Band. He pursued further studies at the Conservatory of Music of Mexico; The Taller de Composicion of the Institute of Fine Arts of Mexico with Joaquin Guttierez Heras, Hector Quintanar, Razi Pavsn and Federico Ibarra; in Paris with Jacques Casterède and Ivo Malec; and at the California Institute of the Arts with Morton Subotnick, Lucky Mosko, Mel Powell and James Newton.
He has received grants from the Institute of Fine Arts of Mexico, the French Government, and the Fulbright Foundation. He was part of the interdisciplinary group MUSICA DE CAMERA with Angel Cosmos and Juan Jose Diaz Infante. He is composer for Irene Martinez’s modern dance troupe MANDINGA. He has received commissions from the OAS, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Festival Cervantino, Festival del Caribe, Festival de la Cuidad de Mexico, and the Rockefeller Foundation. He has taught at the National University of Mexico Superior School of Music, and worked for CENIDIM (National Center of Research, Documentation and Information of Mexican Music). In 1991, he received the composition scholarship of the Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, and in 1994 he received a three year scholarship from the Sistema Nacional de Creadores. Besides the numerous performances of his work in Mexico, his music has been performed in Europe, Latin America and the United States.
© & ℗ 2005 William E. Powell
design by Miriam Kolar